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Volume 1, Number 1—January 1995

Emerging Infections: Getting Ahead of the Curve

David SatcherComments to Author 
Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Major Etiologic Agents, Infectious Diseases Identified Since 1973*

Year Agent Disease Reference
1973 Rotavirus Major cause of infantile diarrhea worldwide 19
1975 Parvovirus B19 Fifth disease; Aplastic crisis in chronic hemolytic anemia 20
1976 Cryptosporidium parvum Acute enterocolitis 21
1977 Ebola virus Ebola hemorrhagic feve 22
1977 Legionella pneumophila Legionnaires' disease 23
1977 Hantaan virus Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) 24
1977 Campylobacter sp. Enteric pathogens distributed globally 25
1980 Human T-cell lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV I) T-cell lymphoma leukemia 26
1981 Staphylococcus toxin Toxic shock syndrome associated with tampon use 27
1982 Escherichia coli O157:H7 Hemorrhagic colitis; hemolytic uremic syndrome 28
1982 HTLV II Hairy cell leukemia 29
1982 Borrelia burgdorferi Lyme disease 30
1983 Human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) 31
1983 Helicobacter pylori Gastric ulcers 32
1988 Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) Roseola subitum 33
1989 Ehrlichia chaffeensis Human ehrlichiosis 34
1989 Hepatitis C Parenterally transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis 35
1991 Guanarito virus Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever 36
1992 Vibrio cholerae O139 New strain associated with epidemic cholera 37
1992 Bartonella(= Rochalimaea) henselae Cat-scratch disease; bacillary angiomatosis 38,39
1993 Hantavirus isolates Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome 40
1994 Sabia virus Brazilian hemorrhagic fever 41

*Compiled by CDC staff. Dates of discovery are assigned on the basis of the year the isolation or identification of etiologic agents was reported.

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