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Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004
International Conference on Women and Infectious Diseases (ICWID)

Sexual Power and HIV Risk, South Africa

Audrey E. Pettifor*Comments to Author , Diana M. Measham†‡, Helen V. Rees*, and Nancy S. Padian‡
Author affiliations: *University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; †University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA; ‡University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA

Main Article

Table 4

Adjusted odds ratios (AOR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and chi-square p values for HIV infection among sexually experienced women 15–24 years of age, South Africa, 2003a

Characteristic AOR (95% CI) Chi-square p-value
Age 20–24 y (vs. 15–19 y) 2.53 (1.85–3.46) < 0.001
Single (vs. married) 2.06 (1.14–3.71) 0.02
Did not complete high school (vs. completed high school) 2.60 (1.87–3.61) < 0.001
Live in an urban area (vs. live in a rural area) 2.36 (1.55–3.59) < 0.001
Black African race (vs. other race) 7.63 (3.41–17.07) < 0.001
Did not always use a condom with last partner in past 12 mo 
(vs. always used a condom) 1.58 (1.10–2.27) 0.01
>1 lifetime sexual partner (vs. 1 lifetime partner) 2.49 (1.80–3.43) < 0.001
Last partner in past 12 mo >10 y older (vs. <10 y older) 1.43 (0.88–2.32) 0.15
Age of first sex <14 y (vs. >14 y) 1.12 (0.67–1.87) 0.66
Transactional sex with last partner in past 12 mo 
(vs. never transactional sex with last partner) 2.03 (0.53–7.77) 0.30
Sex >5 times in past mo with last partner in past 12 mo (vs. <5 times) 1.07 (0.72–1.58) 0.73
Last partner in past 12 mo forced to have sex (vs. did not force) 0.82 (0.45–1.52) 0.55
Low relationship control (vs. high control) 1.00 (0.72–1.39) 0.99

aSource: National Survey of HIV and Sexual Risk Behavior among Young People Age 15–24, South Africa, 2003.

Main Article

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