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Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004
ICWID Session Summaries

Healthcare-related Infectious Diseases1

Naomi Swanson*Comments to Author , Clara Sue Ross†, and Kevin Fennelly‡
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Environmental and Occupational Health Consultants, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; ‡University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Suggested citation for this article

Bloodborne Pathogens in the Workplace

Healthcare workers have approximately 600,000–800,000 exposures per year to HIV and hepatitis B and C. The U.S. Public Health Service published guidelines (June 2001) regarding prevention of exposure to bloodborne pathogens and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. Factors, such as nature of exposure or amount of body fluids, influence postexposure prophylaxis measures and can affect the effectiveness or use of prophylaxis. Several laws cover workers exposed to bloodborne pathogens, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, Workers' Compensation, and the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Airborne Infections in Women at Work

A wide range of bacteria, viruses, and fungi can cause airborne infections in healthcare workers. The gender-based risk for diseases caused by many of these pathogens is not currently known. Female healthcare workers do appear to have the same risk for tuberculosis (TB) as men, although women may have a greater risk of progression to active TB. A number of airborne infections that healthcare workers can contract at the workplace can be prevented by vaccination (e.g., measles, influenza). Other types of infections (e.g., TB, severe acute respiratory syndrome) are best prevented by a combination of administrative, engineering, and personal protection controls.


Suggested citation for this article: Swanson N, Ross CS, Fennelly K. Healthcare-related infectious diseases [conference summary]. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Nov [date cited].

DOI: 10.3201/eid1011.040622_03

1The following comments were made in presentations by the above authors at the International Conference on Women and Infectious Disease.

Table of Contents – Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004

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Please use the form below to submit correspondence to the authors or contact them at the following address:

Naomi Swanson, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Taft Laboratories, MSC24, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA; fax: 513-533-8596

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The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.