Volume 11, Number 1—January 2005
Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Brazil, 1981–2002
|1981–1993: Epidemics waves in localized areas|
|1981||Restricted outbreak (DENV1* and DENV4†) in Northwest Brazil (Roraima State)|
|1986||Introduction of DENV1 (Rio de Janeiro State)|
|1990||Introduction of DENV2‡ (Rio de Janeiro State) and first confirmed cases of DHF|
|1994–2002: Epidemic and endemic virus circulation countrywide|
|1994–1999||Dispersion of Aedes aegypti nationwide|
|1998||Widespread outbreaks in 16 states (>534,000 reported cases)|
|2000||Introduction of DENV3§ (Rio de Janeiro State)|
|2002||Large outbreaks in 19 states (>794,000 reported cases) Deaths due to dengue hemorrhagic fever exceed deaths from malaria|
*Dengue virus serotype 1.
†Dengue virus serotype 4.
‡Dengue virus serotype 2.
§Dengue virus serotype 3.
Medline reports the first author "Teixeira MG" is not correct in the reference 32 "Teixeira, Barreto, Costa, Ferreira, Vasconcelos, Cairncross, 2002".