Volume 11, Number 1—January 2005
Norovirus and Foodborne Disease, United States, 1991–2000
|Place (reference)||Years of data||No. of foodborne outbreaks||Method used to attribute to NoV||% of foodborne outbreaks attributable to NoV|
|United Kingdom (31)||1995–1996||341||Electron microscopy||6|
|Sweden (29)||1994–1998||92||Electron microscopy||72|
|United States (6)||1982–1989||1049||Epidemiologic criteria||33|
|United States (8)||1981–1998||295||RT-PCR and epidemiologic criteria||41|
|United States§||2000||600||RT-PCR and extrapolation||50|
*RT-PCR; reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction.
†N. Boxall, pers. comm.
‡Y. van Duynhoven, pers. comm.
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1Efforts in 1998 to improve outbreak reporting resulted in more outbreaks being retrospectively attributed to this period. The current figures for 1993 to 1997 are 65 (2%) of 3,257 outbreaks attributable to NoV and 67% of unknown etiology.