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Volume 14, Number 6—June 2008

Global Distribution of Novel Rhinovirus Genotype

Thomas Briese*Comments to Author , Neil Renwick*, Marietjie Venter†, Richard G. Jarman‡, Dhrubaa Ghosh§, Sophie Köndgen¶, Sanjaya K. Shrestha#, A. Mette Hoegh**, Inmaculada Casas††, Edgard Valerie Adjogoua‡‡, Chantal Akoua-Koffi‡‡, Khin Saw Myint‡, David T. Williams§§, Glenys R. Chidlow¶¶, Ria van den Berg†, Cristina Calvo##, Orienka Koch†, Gustavo Palacios*, Vishal Kapoor*, Joseph Villari*, Samuel R. Dominguez***, Kathryn V. Holmes***, Gerry Harnett¶¶, David W. Smith¶¶, John S. MacKenzie§§, Heinz Ellerbrok¶, Brunhilde Schweiger¶, Kristian Schønning**, Mandeep S. Chadha§, Fabian H. Leendertz¶, A.C. Mishra§, Robert V. Gibbons‡, Edward C. Holmes†††‡‡‡, and W. Ian Lipkin*
Author affiliations: *Columbia University, New York, New York, USA; †University of Pretoria/NHLS Tswhane Academic Division, Pretoria, South Africa; ‡Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand; §National Institute of Virology, Pune, India; ¶Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin, Germany; #Walter Reed AFRIMS Research Unit Nepal, Katmandu, Nepal; **Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark; ††Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain; ‡‡Institut Pasteur Côte d’Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; §§Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; ¶¶PathWest Laboratory, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia; ##Severo-Ochoa Hospital, Leganés, Madrid, Spain; ***University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA; †††Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA; ‡‡‡National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA;

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Table 1

Molecular diagnosis of ARI from 7 countries by using MassTag PCR* and VP4/2 sequencing†

Country Season(s) Samples Picornavirus positive
Total Novel clade HRV-A HRV-B HEV % Male Age range (mean/median)
South Africa 2006 58 14 4 6 3 1 71 0.4–30 mo (5.6/3)
Côte d’Ivoire 2006 52 2 0 2 0 0 100 22–28 y (25/25)
Nepal 2005–06 80 17 4 7 5 1 56 0.25–56 y (8.5/3)
India 2007 50 6 3 3 0 0 83 4–36 mo (17.8/18)
Australia 2006 2 2 1 1 0 0 100 4–6 mo (5/5)
Denmark 2007 70 7 5 1 0 1 57 1–8 mo (2.9/2)
Spain 2003–2006 14‡ 14 6 5 3 0 86 1–96 mo (23.2/15.5)

*See (10).
†ARI, acute respiratory illness; HRV, human rhinovirus; HEV, human enterovirus.
‡With previous HRV diagnosis.

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