Volume 14, Number 9—September 2008
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1) Isolated from Whooper Swans, Japan
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- Liu J, Xiao H, Lei F, Zhu Q, Qin K, Zhang XW, Highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus infection in migratory birds. Science. 2005;309:1206.
- Weber S, Harder T, Starick E, Beer M, Werner O, Hoffmann B, Molecular analysis of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of subtype H5N1 isolated from wild birds and mammals in northern Germany. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:554–8.
- Ducatez MF, Olinger CM, Owoade AA, Tarnagda Z, Tahita MC, Sow A, Molecular and antigenic evolution and geographical spread of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in western Africa. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:2297–306.
- Chen H, Li Y, Li Z, Shi J, Shinya K, Deng G, Properties and dissemination of H5N1 viruses isolated during an influenza outbreak in migratory waterfowl in western China. J Virol. 2006;80:5976–83.
- Teifke JP, Klopfleisch R, Globig A, Starick E, Hoffmann B, Wolf PU, Pathology of natural infections by H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in mute (Cygnus olor) and whooper (Cygnus cygnus) swans. Vet Pathol. 2007;44:137–43.
- World Health Organization. 2007. Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response (EPR): Towards a unified nomenclature system for the highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza viruses [cited 2008 May 2] Available from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/nomen.ppt
- World Health Organization. Antigenic and genetic characteristics of (H5N1) viruses and candidate (H5N1) vaccine viruses developed for potential use as human vaccines [cited 2008 May 2]. Available from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/guidelines/H5VaccineVirusUpdate20080214.pdf
- Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. Press release: preliminary results of 39th national survey of wild ducks and geese [in Japanese]. 2008 Apr 30 [cited 2008 May 2]. Available from http://www.env.go.jp/press/press.php?serial=9649
- Natural Parks Foundation. Seasons of Lake Towada. [in Japanese]. Updated 2008 Apr 25 [cited 2008 May 2]. Available from http://www.bes.or.jp/park/towada/now/towada_koyomi.htm
- Kanai Y, Sato F, Ueta M, Minton J, Higuchi H, Soma M, The migration routes and important rest sites of whooper swans satellite-tracked from northern Japan. Strix. 1997;15:1–3.
- Yamashina Institute for Ornithology. Atlas of Japanese migratory birds from 1961 to 1995. Yamashina (Japan): Bird Migration Research Center; 2002.
- Sturm-Ramirez KM, Hulse-Post DJ, Govorkova EA, Humberd J, Seiler P, Puthavathana P, Are ducks contributing to the endemicity of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus in Asia? J Virol. 2005;79:11269–79.
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