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Volume 15, Number 6—June 2009

Tuberculosis Disparity between US-born Blacks and Whites, Houston, Texas, USA1

Jose A. Serpa, Larry D. Teeter, James M. Musser, and Edward A. GravissComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA (J.A. Serpa, E.A. Graviss); The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston (L.D. Teeter, J.M. Musser, E.A. Graviss)

Main Article

Table 3

Factors associated with black race in multivariate analysis in US-born TB patients, Houston Tuberculosis Initiative, Texas, 1995–2004*

Risk factor OR 95% CI p value
Age 0.98† 0.97–0.99 <0.001
Years of education 0.93† 0.89–0.96 <0.001
Inner city residence‡ 1.44 1.13–1.85 0.003
Use of public transportation 2.44 1.91–3.11 <0.001
Current homelessness 0.48 0.33–0.68 <0.001
Current smoking 0.54 0.42–0.70 <0.001
Alcohol abuse§ 0.63 0.50–0.80 0.001
Injection drug use¶ 0.30 0.16–0.57 <0.001
Same-sex sexual behavior 0.28 0.19–0.41 <0.001
Prison history 1.42 1.06–1.91 0.020
Renal disease 2.61 1.38–4.92 0.003
HIV seropositivity 1.89 1.37–2.61 <0.001

*TB, tuberculosis; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
†ORs per additional year at risk.
‡Defined according to specific zip codes.
§Drinks alcohol daily or nearly daily.
¶Within 6 months before TB diagnosis.

Main Article

1Preliminary analysis of data contained in this paper was presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, October 4–7, 2007, San Diego, California, USA (abstract no. 346).

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