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Volume 16, Number 7—July 2010

Zoonotic Transmission of Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1), Egypt, 2006–2009

Amr Kandeel, Serge Manoncourt, Eman Abd el Kareem, Abdel-Nasser Mohamed Ahmed, Samir El-Refaie, Hala Essmat, Jeffrey Tjaden, Cecilia C. de Mattos, Kenneth C. EarhartComments to Author , Anthony A. Marfin, and Nasr El-Sayed
Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Cairo, Egypt (A. Kandeel, E.A. el Kareem, A.-N. M. Ahmed, S. El-Refaie, H. Essmat, N. El-Sayed); US Naval Medical Research Unit 3, Cairo (S. Manoncourt, H. Essmat, J. Tjaden, C.C. de Mattos, K.C. Earhart, A.A. Marfin); US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A.A. Marfin)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic and exposure characteristics for persons with confirmed avian influenza (H5N1), Egypt, 2006–2009

Characteristic No. (%) persons
Total confirmed cases 63
Deaths 24 (38.0)
40 (63.5)
Age group, y
0–4 23 (36.5)
5–14 11 (17.5)
15–49 27 (43.0)
2 (3.0)
Exposure (no. persons)*
Exposure to a confirmed human case before illness (63) 4 (6.3)
Occupational (63) 4 (6.3)
Exposure to likely infected backyard flocks (63) 57 (90.5)
No known exposure (63) 2 (3.2)
Consumption of raw or undercooked poultry products (61) 0
Exposure to likely infected backyard flocks (41)
Recently purchased domestic poultry from market/seller (41) 12 (29.2)
Recently purchased poultry became ill (12) 7 (58.3)
Noted illness or death among their birds (41) 33 (80.5)
Bred birds (27) 14 (51.8)
Slaughtered birds in past 10 d (27) 13 (48.1)
Defeathered birds in past 10 d (27) 13 (48.1)

*Denominators vary for each exposure because data were not available for all persons.

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Page created: March 02, 2011
Page updated: March 02, 2011
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