Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012
Letter

Possibility of Leishmaniasis Transmission in Jura, France

On This Page
Article Metrics
11
citations of this article
EID Journal Metrics on Scopus

Cite This Article

To the Editor: The report of a human cutaneous leishmaniasis case acquired in Clairvaux-les-lacs (1) led us to carry out an investigation with the veterinary clinics in Jura Department, France. Clairvaux-les-lacs is a lakeside resort located in Jura, one of the areas in France with the coldest average temperatures, and is clearly located outside the usual leishmaniasis-endemic area. At least 31 cases of canine leishmaniasis were diagnosed by veterinary clinics in Jura during 2007–2011. Because these dogs were native of or traveled in the leishmaniasis-endemic area along the Mediterranean Sea, all veterinarians considered the infections as acquired outside Jura.

Although phlebotomine sand flies have not been reported in Jura to date, Phlebotomus perniciosus sand flies, proven vectors of leishmaniasis, have been found in 2 areas neighboring Jura: Côte-d'Or and Saône-et-Loire (2,3). We have also recently caught P. mascittii sand flies, a species with an unknown vectorial competence, in the Swiss region of Jura, Alsace, Champagne-Ardennes, and Belgium. Therefore, the presence of sand flies in Jura, particularly in wet and milder microclimatic areas (as Clairvaux-les-lacs), is likely, and canine infections could have been acquired locally.

A recent model predicted that new at-risk areas are mostly located in western France along the Atlantic coast (4). In accordance with this model, we report new foci of autochthonous canine leishmaniasis in Deux Sèvres, Loire-Atlantique, and Loiret. Canine leishmaniasis cases contracted in the Rhine Valley in Germany (5) and the canine cases in Jura argue for a northeastern spread of the disease-endemic area along the Rhone-Rhine axis and mild microclimatic niches. Entomologic and serologic surveys will be carried out in summer 2012 in Jura to look for evidence of possible indigenous transmission of leishmaniasis. These data should supplement the current model of northern spread of leishmaniasis-endemic areas.

Top

Mohamed KasbariComments to Author , Christophe Ravel, Harold Noël, Bernard Pesson, Francis Schaffner, and Jerome Depaquit
Author affiliations: French Agency for Health and Safety Animal Health Laboratory, Maisons-Alfort, France (M. Kasbari); University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France (M. Kasbari, C. Ravel); University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France (M. Kasbari, B. Pesson, J. Depaquit); French Institute for Public Health Surveillance, Saint-Maurice, France (H. Noël); University of Strasbourg, Illkirch, France (B. Pesson); University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland (F. Schaffner)

Top

References

  1. Faber  WR, Hoekzema  R, Bart  A, Zeegelaar  JE, de Vries  HJC. Cutaneous leishmaniasis acquired in Jura, France [letter]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1834. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Larousse  F. Phlébotomes observés dans de nouvelles localités françaises. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp. 1925;3:103.
  3. Rossi  P. Sur la présence de Phlebotomus perniciosus à Mâcon. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 1935;28:2824.
  4. Chamaillé  L, Tran  A, Meunier  A, Bourdoiseau  G, Ready  P, Dedet  JP. Environmental risk mapping of canine leishmaniasis in France. Parasit Vectors. 2010;3:31. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Naucke  TJ, Menn  B, Massberg  D, Lorentz  S. Sand flies and leishmaniasis in Germany. Parasitol Res. 2008;103:S658. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar

Top

Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid1806.120158

Related Links

Top

Table of Contents – Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012

Comments

Please use the form below to submit correspondence to the authors or contact them at the following address:

Mohamed Kasbari, ANSES–French Agency for Health and Safety, Animal Health Laboratory, Leishmaniasis and Sandflies Team, 23, Ave Général De Gaulle, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France

Send To

10000 character(s) remaining.

Top

Page created: May 21, 2012
Page updated: May 21, 2012
Page reviewed: May 21, 2012
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external