Volume 18, Number 7—July 2012
Costing Framework for International Health Regulations (2005)
|Core capacity||Component||Country-level indicator|
|National legislation, policy, and financing||National legislation and policy||Laws, regulations, administrative requirements, policies, or other government instruments in place are sufficient for implementation of obligations under IHR.|
|Financing||Funding is available and accessible for implementing IHR (including developing core capacities).|
|Coordination and NFP communications||IHR coordination, communication, and advocacy||A mechanism is established for the coordination of relevant sectors in the implementation of IHR.|
|IHR National Focal Point functions and operations are in place as defined by the IHR (2005).|
|Surveillance||Indicator-based, or routine, surveillance (also referred to as structured surveillance, routine surveillance, and surveillance for defined conditions)||Indicator-based, routine, surveillance includes the early warning function for the early detection of public health events.|
|Event based surveillance established||Event-based surveillance is established.|
|Surveillance overview of information on IHR-related hazards (situation awareness)||A coordinated mechanism is in place for collecting and integrating information from sectors relevant to IHR|
|Response||Rapid response capacity||Public health emergency response mechanisms are established.|
|Case management||Case management procedures are established for IHR-relevant hazards.|
|Infection control||Infection prevention and control is established at national and hospital levels.|
|Disinfection, decontamination, and vector control||A program for disinfection, decontamination, and vector control is established.|
|Preparedness||Public health emergency preparedness and response||Multihazard national public health emergency preparedness and response plan is developed.|
|Risk and resource management for IHR preparedness||Public health risks and resources are mapped.|
|Risk Communication||Policy and procedures for public communications||Mechanisms for effective risk communication during a public health emergency are established.|
|Human Resources||Human resource capacity||Human resources are available to implement IHR core capacity requirements.|
|Laboratories||Laboratory diagnostic and confirmation capacity||Laboratory services are available and accessible to test for priority health threats.|
|Influenza surveillance is established.|
|Specimen collection and transport||System for collection, packaging, and transport of clinical specimens is established.|
|Laboratory biosafety and biosecurity||Laboratory biosafety/biosecurity practices are in place.|
|Laboratory-based surveillance||Laboratory data management and reporting is established.|
|Points of Entry||Surveillance at points of entry||Effective surveillance is established at points of entry.|
|Response at points of entry||Effective response at points of entry established.|
*IHR, International Health Regulations; NFP, National Focal Point. Data from (2).
- World Health Organization, World Health Assembly. International Health Regulations (2005). 2nd ed. Geneva: The Organization; 2008.
- World Health Organization. IHR (2005) Monitoring Framework: checklist and indicators for monitoring progress in the development of IHR core capacities in states parties. Geneva: The Organization; 2010.
- World Health Organization. Protocol for assessing national surveillance and response capacities for the International Health Regulations (2005). Geneva: The Organization; 2010.
- World Health Organization Regional Committee for Africa. International Health Regulations (2005): informational document (AFR/RC56/INF.DOC/2). Addis Ababa (Ethiopia): Africa Regional Office, the Organization; 2006.
- World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Technical guidelines for integrated disease surveillance and response in the African Region. Brazzaville (Republic of Congo) and Atlanta: The Organization and the Centers; 2010.
- Grupo Mercado Común. Resolution 22/2008, Vigilancia epidemiologica y control de enfermedades priorizadas y brotes entre los estados partes del Mercosur. Montevideo (Uruguay): Mercosur; 2008.
- Alonso L, Pujadas M, Rosa R. Evaluación de capacidades básicas para cumplir el Reglamento Sanitario Internacional enpuntos de entrada de Uruguay. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2011;30:59–64.
- World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Western Pacific. Asia Pacific Strategy for Emerging Diseases (WPR/RC56/7). Geneva: The Organization; 2005.
- The World Bank. Country and lending groups [cited 2011 Apr 1]. http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-classifications/country-and-lending-groups
- Somda ZC, Meltzer MI, Perry HN. SurvCost 1.0 manual. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2008.
- Schneider D, Evering-Watley M, Walke H, Bloland PB. Training the global public health workforce through applied epidemiology training programs: CDC’s experience, 1951–2011. Public Health Rev. 2011;33:190–203 [cited 2012 May 4]. http://www.publichealthreviews.eu/upload/pdf_files/9/Schneider.pdf
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