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Volume 19, Number 10—October 2013

Plasmodium vivax Malaria during Pregnancy, Bolivia

Laurent Brutus, José Santalla, Dominique Schneider, Juan Carlos Avila, and Philippe Deloron
Author affiliations: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France (L. Brutus, D. Schneider, P. Deloron); Université Paris Descartes, Paris (L. Brutus, D. Schneider, P. Deloron); Ministerio de Salud y Deportes, La Paz, Bolivia (J. Santalla); Vector-borne Diseases Program, Guayaramerín, Beni, Bolivia (J.C. Avila)

Main Article

Table 3

Factors associated with mean birthweight and risk for low birthweight babies, excluding Plasmodium falciparum infections, during hospital-based survey, Guayaramerín and Bermejo, Bolivia, 2002–2004*

Characteristic Multiple linear regression, n = 1,417
Mutlivariate logistic regression, n = 1,417
Adjusted difference in mean birthweight, g (95% CI)† p value Adjusted OR for low birthweight (95% CI) p value
Mature 0 NS 1 NS
Premature –752 (−849 to −656) <0.001 37.8 (20.9–68.3) <0.001
Boy 0 NS 1 NS
Girl –151 (−198 to −105) <0.001 1.7 (0.98–3.1) 0.06
Multiparous 0 NS 1 NS
Secondiparous –79 (−146 to −13) 0.02 1.6 (0.91–2.9)‡ 0.10
Primiparous –168 (−232 to −103) <0.001 NS NS
<25 y of age 0 NS NS 0.56
25–35 y of age 102 (38–167) 0.002 NS NS
>35 y of age 181 (83–279) <0.001 NS NS
Antenatal visit 0 NS NS 0.22
No antenatal visit –112 (−235 to 10) 0.07 NS NS
Bermejo 0 NS NS 0.47
Guayaramerín –52 (−102 to −2) 0.04 NS NS
Noninfected placenta 0 NS 1 NS
P. vivax–infected placenta –181 (−321 to −41) 0.01 6.2 (2.2–17.6) <0.001

*OR, odds ratio; NS, not significant. Significant values (<0.05) are indicated in boldface. Multivariate models adjusting for mother’s age, number of previous pregnancies, antenatal visits, houses with indoor insecticide spraying, site of study, delivery during transmission season, mother’s anemia, and sex and gestational age of the baby. Only significant variables (p<0.10) from linear regression model are shown. The same variables were used for the logistic regression model.
†Baseline mean birthweight was 3,537 g.
‡First and second pregnancies combined compared with multiparous women.

Main Article

Page created: August 14, 2013
Page updated: September 16, 2013
Page reviewed: September 16, 2013
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