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Volume 19, Number 11—November 2013

Common Epidemiology of Rickettsia felis Infection and Malaria, Africa

Oleg Mediannikov1, Cristina Socolovschi1, Sophie Edouard, Florence Fenollar, Nadjet Mouffok, Hubert Bassene, Georges Diatta, Adama Tall, Hamidou Niangaly, Ogobara Doumbo, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki, Abir Znazen, M’hammed Sarih, Pavel Ratmanov, Herve Richet, Mamadou O. Ndiath, Cheikh Sokhna, Philippe Parola, and Didier RaoultComments to Author 
Author affiliations: 1These authors contributed equally to this article.; Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France (O. Mediannikov, C. Socolovschi, S. Edouard, F. Fenollar, Patmanov P., H. Richet, P. Parola, D. Raoult); Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Dakar, Senegal (O. Mediannikov, F. Fenollar, H. Bassene, G. Diatta, M.O. Ndiath, C. Sokhna, D. Raoult); Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire d'Oran, Oran, Algeria (N. Mouffok); Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar (A. Tall); University of Sciences, Techniques and Technology, Bamako, Mali (H. Niangaly, O. Doumbo); Unité de Parasitologie Médicale Centre International de Recherche Médicale de Franceville, Franceville, Gabon (J.B. Lekana-Douki); Université des Sciences de la santé de Libreville, Libreville, Gabon (J.B. Lekana-Douki); Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia (A. Znazen); Institut Pasteur du Maroc, Casablanca, Morocco (M. Sarih); Far Eastern State Medical University, Khabarovsk, Russia (P. Ratmanov)

Main Article

Table 1

Detection of Rickettsia felis DNA in mosquitoes, Senegal. March 2010–September 2012

Geographic location in Senegal Period of collection Collection method Mosquito species morphological identification DNA samples Rickettsia felis detection (%)
Ferlo, 15°52′N, 15°15W
Mar 2010
CDC type light trap collections*
Aedes luteocephalus 203 1 (<1)
Culex quinquefasciatus
Dakar, 14°41′N, 17°26W
Dec 2011
Immature stages-lab conditions
Anopheles arabiensis
154 †
2 (<1)‡
Dielmo, 13°43′N, 16°24′W Jul 2012
Human landing catches
An. arabiensis 8 0
An. welcomei 6 0
Mansonia uniformis 6 0
C. quinquefasciatus

Sep 2012
Pyrethrum spray catches
An. ziemanni 7 1 (14)
An. pharoensis 10 1 (10)

M. uniformis 8 2 (25)
An. welcomei 8 0
An. funestus
2 (29)
Elinkine, 12°30′N 16°39′W
Sep 2012
CDC-type light trap collections
An. gambiae 50 0
Culex sp.
Pyrethrum spray catches
Culex sp.
Human landing catches
An. gambiae 290 0
An. squamosus 27 0
An. ziemanni 31 0
Culex sp. 35 0
Aedes sp. 23 0
Mansonia sp.
Total 1,103 9 (<1)

*Manufactured by John W. Hock Company, Gainesville, FL, USA.
† including 20 male mosquitoes.
R. felis DNA was detected in 1 male mosquito.

Main Article

Page created: October 31, 2013
Page updated: October 31, 2013
Page reviewed: October 31, 2013
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.