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Volume 19, Number 11—November 2013

Common Epidemiology of Rickettsia felis Infection and Malaria, Africa

Oleg Mediannikov1, Cristina Socolovschi1, Sophie Edouard, Florence Fenollar, Nadjet Mouffok, Hubert Bassene, Georges Diatta, Adama Tall, Hamidou Niangaly, Ogobara Doumbo, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki, Abir Znazen, M’hammed Sarih, Pavel Ratmanov, Herve Richet, Mamadou O. Ndiath, Cheikh Sokhna, Philippe Parola, and Didier RaoultComments to Author 
Author affiliations: 1These authors contributed equally to this article.; Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France (O. Mediannikov, C. Socolovschi, S. Edouard, F. Fenollar, Patmanov P., H. Richet, P. Parola, D. Raoult); Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Dakar, Senegal (O. Mediannikov, F. Fenollar, H. Bassene, G. Diatta, M.O. Ndiath, C. Sokhna, D. Raoult); Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire d'Oran, Oran, Algeria (N. Mouffok); Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar (A. Tall); University of Sciences, Techniques and Technology, Bamako, Mali (H. Niangaly, O. Doumbo); Unité de Parasitologie Médicale Centre International de Recherche Médicale de Franceville, Franceville, Gabon (J.B. Lekana-Douki); Université des Sciences de la santé de Libreville, Libreville, Gabon (J.B. Lekana-Douki); Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia (A. Znazen); Institut Pasteur du Maroc, Casablanca, Morocco (M. Sarih); Far Eastern State Medical University, Khabarovsk, Russia (P. Ratmanov)

Main Article

Table 4

Detection of Rickettsia species in arthropods collected in Senegal, 2008–2012

Group Species No. samples tested Type of rickettsia (% positive samples) Reference
Ctenocephalides felis 48 None (13)
Echidnophaga gallinacea 150 None
Synosternus pallidus
Rickettsia sp., group R. felis (93)
Tsetse flies
Glossina morsitans submorsitans
Rickettsia sp., group R. felis (100)
Hard ticks
Amblyomma variegatum 492 Rickettsia africae (87)
Rhipicephalus decoloratus 40 Rickettsiae spotted fever group (0–51)
R. annulatus 5
Hyalomma marginatum rufipes 173
H. truncatum 141
R. evertsi evertsi 2358
R. guilhoni
Rhipicephalus sp.
This study
Soft ticks
Ornithodoros sonrai 138 None This study
O. capensis 40 Rickettsia sp., group R. felis (20) This study
Argas persicus
This study
Culicoides spp.
This study
Bed bugs Cimex hemipterus 160 1/160, (0.6) This study

Main Article

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