Volume 19, Number 8—August 2013
From the Greek kampylos (curved) and baktron (rod), a genus of gram-negative curved or spiral rods that is among the most common causes of foodborne diarrheal illness worldwide. Illness caused by Campylobacter spp. was first described by Theodor Escherich in 1886, but they were not successfully isolated from human fecal samples until 1972. For many years, they were classified among the vibrios, but Sebald and Véron proposed the genus Campylobacter in 1963 for these “slender, curved bacilli” that differ from the classical cholera and halophilic vibrios.
- Dekeyser P, Gossuin-Detrain M, Butzler JP, Sternon J. Acute enteritis due to related vibrio: first positive stool cultures. J Infect Dis. 1972;125:390–2.
- Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
- Karmali MA, Fleming PC. Campylobacter enteritis. Can Med Assoc J. 1979;120:1525–32 .
- Samie A, Obi CL, Barrett LJ, Powell SM, Guerrant RL. Prevalence of Campylobacter species, Helicobacter pylori, and Arcobacter species in stool samples from the Venda region, Limpopo, South Africa: studies using molecular diagnostic methods. J Infect. 2007;54:558–66 .
- Sebald M, Véron M. Base DNA content and classification of vibrios [in French]. Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris). 1963;105:897–910 .