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Volume 20, Number 1—January 2014

Progenitor “Mycobacterium canettii” Clone Responsible for Lymph Node Tuberculosis Epidemic, Djibouti

Yann Blouin, Géraldine Cazajous, Céline Dehan, Charles Soler, Rithy Vong, Mohamed Osman Hassan, Yolande Hauck, Christian Boulais, Dina Andriamanantena, Christophe Martinaud, Émilie Martin, Christine Pourcel, and Gilles VergnaudComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France (Y. Blouin, Y. Hauck, C. Pourcel, G. Vergnaud); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Orsay (Y. Blouin, Y. Hauck, C. Pourcel, G. Vergnaud); Hôpital Militaire Bouffard, Djibouti, Republic of Djibouti (G. Cazajous, C. Dehan, C. Boulais); Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Percy, Clamart, France (C. Soler, R. Vong, C. Martinaud); Hôpital Paul Faure, Djibouti (M. Osman Hassan); Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Bégin, Saint-Mandé, France (D. Andriamanantena); Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Lyon, France (E. Martin); Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Brétigny, France (G. Vergnaud)

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Table 1

Characteristics of patients from whom Mycobacterium canettii isolates were obtained, Djibouti, 2010–2013*

Strain no. Patient nationality 
(length of stay, mo) Hospital Sex Isolation date Age, y† Sample TB site HIV status (CD4/mm3) Cluster
Percy975 Djiboutian Bouffard M 2010 Feb 28 GF Pulmonary Pos (122) A‡
Percy976 Djiboutian Bouffard M 2010 Feb 18 GF Pulmonary Neg A
Percy977 Diboutian Bouffard F 2010 Feb 22 GF Pulmonary Neg A
Percy979 Djiboutian Bouffard F 2010 Feb 39 GF Pulmonary Neg A
Percy1004 Djiboutian Bouffard M 2010 Jun 14 LN puncture LN Neg Singleton‡
Percy1049 Ethiopian (18) Bouffard F 2011 Jan 36 GF Pulmonary Pos (9) A
Percy1060§ Djiboutian Bouffard M 2011 Feb 33 Sputum Diffuse Pos (235) A
Percy1062 French (8) Bouffard M 2011 Mar 40 GF Pulmonary Neg C
Percy1064 Djiboutian Bouffard M 2011 Mar 55 Sputum Pulmonary Neg C
Percy1077 French (12) Bégin M 2011 Jul 48 Esophagus biopsy Esophagus Pos (UNK) A
Percy1078 French (13) Bouffard F 2011 Sep 3 LN puncture LN Neg A‡
Percy1079 French (13) Bouffard M 2011 Sep 1 LN biopsy LN Neg A
Percy1084 French(3) Bouffard M 2011 Oct 4 LN puncture LN Neg A‡
Percy1085 French (24) Lyon F 2011 Aug 8 LN biopsy LN UNK A
Percy1086 Djiboutian Bouffard M 2012 Jan 51 Pericardium biopsy Diffuse Pos (52) A
Percy1101 Djiboutian Bouffard F 2011 May 26 GF Pulmonary Neg C‡
Percy1105 French (15) Bouffard M 2012 Oct 44 GF Pulmonary Neg A‡
Percy1115 French (4) Bouffard M 2012 Dec 3 LN biopsy LN Neg A‡
Percy1116 French (5) Bouffard M 2012 Dec 12 LN puncture LN Neg A‡
Percy1129 French (42) Bouffard F 2013 Jan 11 LN puncture LN Neg A‡
Percy1130 Djiboutian Bouffard M 2013 Mar 35 GF Pulmonary Pos (122) A‡

*TB, tuberculosis; GF, gastric fluid; LN, lymph node; Diffuse, pulmonary and extrapulmonary; Pos, positive; Neg, negative; UNK, unknown.
†Age at isolation date.
‡Ten of the 17 strains selected for draft genome sequencing.
§A second isolate, Percy1050, recovered from a lymph node biopsy specimen, showed the same multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis genotype.

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Page created: January 03, 2014
Page updated: January 03, 2014
Page reviewed: January 03, 2014
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