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Volume 20, Number 9—September 2014

Enhanced MERS Coronavirus Surveillance of Travelers from the Middle East to England

Helen Lucy Thomas, Hongxin Zhao, Helen K. Green, Nicola L. Boddington, Carlos F.A. Carvalho, Husam K. Osman, Carol Sadler, Maria Zambon, Alison Bermingham, and Richard G. PebodyComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Public Health England, London, UK (H.L. Thomas, H. Zhao, H.K. Green, N.L. Boddington, C.F.A. Carvalho, C. Sadler, M. Zambon, A. Bermingham, and R.G. Pebody); Public Health England, Birmingham, UK (H.K. Osman)

Main Article

Table 2

Positive predictive value of signs and symptoms among 77 travelers from the Middle East tested for MERS-CoV, Enhanced MERS-CoV Surveillance System, England, September 2012–October 2013*

Signs and symptoms
No. MERS CoV–positive/no. tested
Positive predictive value, %
 (95% CI)
Fever, cough; no pulmonary parenchymal involvement 0/3 0 (0–71†)
Fever, cough, and pulmonary parenchymal involvement 2/18 11 (1–35)
Fever, cough, and pulmonary parenchymal involvement requiring mechanical ventilation 2/4 50 (7–93)
Fever, cough, pulmonary parenchymal involvement, and acute respiratory distress syndrome 2/4 50 (7–93)
Fever, cough, and pulmonary parenchymal involvement requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation 2/2 100 (16–100)

*MERS-CoV, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus.
†1-sided, 97.5% CI.

Main Article

Page created: August 14, 2014
Page updated: August 14, 2014
Page reviewed: August 14, 2014
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