Effect of Live Poultry Market Closure on Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus Activity in Guangzhou, China, 2014
, Eric H.Y. Lau1
, Kuibiao Li1
, Y.H. Connie Leung1
, Zhicong Yang1
, Caojun Xie1
, Yufei Liu1
, Yanhui Liu, Xiaowei Ma, Jianping Liu, Xiaoquan Li, Kuncai Chen, Lei Luo, Biao Di, Benjamin J. Cowling, Xiaoping Tang
, Gabriel M. Leung, Ming Wang2
, and Malik Peiris2
Author affiliations: Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, China (J. Yuan, K. Li, Z. Yang, C. Xie, Yufei Liu, Yanhui Liu, X. Ma, J. Liu, X. Li, K. Chen, L. Luo, B. Di, M. Wang); The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (E.H.Y. Lau, Y.H.C. Leung, B.J. Cowling, G.M. Leung, M. Peiris); The Eighth People’s Hospital of Guangzhou, Guangzhou, China (X. Tang)
Figure 3. Avian influenza virus (AIV) activity in wholesale, retail, and dressed poultry markets under enhanced surveillance in Guangzhou, China, 2014. A) AIV and B) influenza A(H7N9) virus detection rates as determined by real-time reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR). Circles at the top of panel B indicate H7N9 virus–positive (solid) and –negative (open) samples isolated by culture from the different types of poultry markets. Some H7N9 virus samples positive by rRT-PCR did not have sufficient sample remaining for virus culture; the numbers of samples cultured and positive at each time point are shown. C) H7N9 virus isolation rates as determined by culture. Rates for positive cultures were estimated on the basis of the samples available for culture, as described in Materials and Methods. Vertical bars indicate 95% CIs for detection rates and 95% credible intervals for isolation rates. Gray shading indicates the 2-week citywide market closure, which began on February 15, 2014.
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