Figure 2. Antibody levels at study inclusion and delivery, by parasitemia during pregnancy, against placental malaria in pregnant women, Benin. A) Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA-1); B–F) Duffy binding-like (DBL) antigen; G) Full-length ectodomain of variant surface antigen 2 chondroitin sulfate (FV2); H) Variant surface antigen (VSA). Solid circles indicate medians for inclusion, solid squares indicate medians for delivery, and error bars indicate interquartile ranges, and error bars indicate interquartile ranges. AU, absorbance units; rMFI, relative median fluorescence intensity. *Significantly higher in women with parasitemia during pregnancy (p<0.05 by Fisher exact test). †Decrease between inclusion and delivery (p<0.05 by paired Wilcoxon test). ‡Increase between inclusion and delivery (p<0.05 by paired Wilcoxon test).