Isolation of Onchocerca lupi in Dogs and Black Flies, California, USA
Hassan K. Hassan1, Shanna Bolcen1, Joseph Kubofcik, Thomas B. Nutman, Mark L. Eberhard, Kelly Middleton, Joseph Wakoli Wekesa, Gimena Ruedas, Kimberly J. Nelson, Richard Dubielzig, Melissa De Lombaert, Bruce Silverman, Jamie J. Schorling, Peter H. Adler, Thomas R. Unnasch , and Emily S. Beeler
Author affiliations: University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA (H.K. Hassan, S. Bolcen, T.R. Unnasch); National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (J. Kubofcik, T.B. Nutman); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (M.L. Eberhard); San Gabriel Valley Mosquito and Vector Control District, West Covina, California, USA (K. Middleton, J.W. Wekesa, G. Ruedas, K.J. Nelson); University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA (R. Dubielzig, M. De Lombaert); Complete Animal Eye Care, Sherman Oaks, California, USA (B. Silverman); Eye Clinic for Animals, San Diego, California, USA (J.J. Schorling); Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA (P.H. Adler); Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, USA (E.S. Beeler)
Figure 1. Right eye of a dog with Onchocerca lupi infection, southern California, USA, 2004. The dog had severe conjunctival inflammation, corneal degeneration, and an elevated intraocular pressure of 31 mm Hg. Ultimately, enucleation was performed, and histology revealed Onchocerca adult worms.
1These authors contributed equally to this article.
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