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Volume 21, Number 7—July 2015

Asymptomatic Malaria and Other Infections in Children Adopted from Ethiopia, United States, 2006–2011

Senait M. Adebo, Judith K. Eckerle, Mary E. Andrews, Cynthia R. Howard, and Chandy C. JohnComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (S.M. Adebo); University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (J.K. Eckerle, M.E. Andrews, C.R. Howard, C.C. John); Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA (C.C. John)

Main Article

Table 2

Prevalence of infectious diseases in children adopted from Ethiopia who were seen at the University of Minnesota International Adoption Clinic, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 2006–2011

Infection No. screening results available No. (%) positive
Intestinal parasites 217 96 (44.2)*
Tuberculosis 181 49 (27.1)†
Malaria 52 7 (13.5)
Hepatitis A virus 161 14 (8.7)
Hepatitis B virus 233 6 (2.6)
Syphilis 215 0†‡
Hepatitis C virus 219 0†‡
HIV 218 1 (0.5)‡

*Evidence of infection with >1 of the following: Giardia intestinalis flagellates (n = 75, 34.6%), Blastocystis hominis protozoa (n = 34, 15.7%), Hymenolepsis nana tapeworms (n = 2, 0.9%), Dientamoeba fragilis protozoa (n = 2, 0.9%), Ascaris lumbricoides roundworms (n = 2, 0.5%), or Trichuris trichiura roundworms (0.5%).
†By tuberculin skin testing (induration >10 mm; n = 46), interferon-γ release assay (n = 1), or both (n = 2). Latent tuberculosis infection was diagnosed in 48 children. Tuberculosis disease was diagnosed initially in 1, but was later reassessed as latent tuberculosis infection; medications for disease were stopped after 4 months of treatment.
‡Initial screening tests results were positive in 2 additional children, but confirmatory tests were negative.

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Page created: June 15, 2015
Page updated: June 15, 2015
Page reviewed: June 15, 2015
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