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Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016

Mortality Rates during Cholera Epidemic, Haiti, 2010–2011

Francisco J. LuqueroComments to Author , Marc Rondy, Jacques Boncy, André Munger, Helmi Mekaoui, Ellen Rymshaw, Anne-Laure Page, Brahima Toure, Marie Amelie Degail, Sarala Nicolas, Francesco Grandesso, Maud Ginsbourger, Jonathan Polonsky, Kathryn P. Alberti, Mego Terzian, David Olson, Klaudia Porten, and Iza Ciglenecki
Author affiliations: Epicentre, Paris, France (F.J. Luquero, M. Rondy, A.-L. Page, B. Toure, M.A. Degail, S. Nicolas, F. Grandesso, M. Ginsbourger, J. Polonsky, K.P. Alberti, K. Porten); Ministry of Health, Port-au-Prince, Haiti (J. Boncy); Médecins Sans Frontières, Paris (A. Munger, M. Terzian, D. Olson); Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland (H. Mekaoui, E. Rymshaw, I. Ciglenecki)

Main Article

Table 3

Excess deaths during cholera epidemic, Haiti, 2010–2011

Variable Study site
Gonaives Cap-Haïtien North Department Gaspard
Population 228,725 14,931 173,903 20,946
Person-years 101,167 6,936 93,026 10,028
Expected total no. deaths* 905 62 833 90
Estimated total no. deaths (95% CI)† 1,933 (1,512–2,472) 197 2,810 (2,186–3,612) 355
Risk ratio 2.1 3.2 3.4 4.0
No. excess deaths (95% CI) 1,028 (606–1,567) 132 1,978 (1,354–2,780) 265
Estimated no. diarrhea-related deaths (95% CI)† 1,254 (900 – 1,740) 169 2,279 (1,721–3,033) 278

*Calculated by multiplying the expected baseline mortality rate in Haiti for the year 2010 in the absence of an epidemic (8.95 deaths/1,000 person-years) by the population (person-years).
†Estimated according to answers to the questionnaire.

Main Article

Page created: February 17, 2016
Page updated: February 17, 2016
Page reviewed: February 17, 2016
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