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Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Viruses Reintroduced into South Korea by Migratory Waterfowl, 2014–2015

Jung-Hoon Kwon1, Dong-Hun Lee1, David E. Swayne, Jin-Yong Noh, Seong-Su Yuk, Tseren-Ochir Erdene-Ochir, Woo-Tack Hong, Jei-Hyun Jeong, Sol Jeong, Gyeong-Bin Gwon, and Chang-Seon SongComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea (J.-H. Kwon, J.-Y. Noh, S.-S. Yuk, T.-O. Erdene-Ochir, W.-T. Hong, J.-H. Jeong, S. Jeong, G.-B. Gwon, C.-S. Song); S Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, USA (D.H. Lee, D.E. Swayne)

Main Article


HPAI (H5N8) isolates and total wild bird samples collected in South Korea, December 2014–February 2015*

Collection date Location Sample type No. HPAI (H5N8) positive/no. total Host† Strain
Sep 26 36°44′N, 127°07′E Feces 0/55
Sep 27 36°37′N, 126°21′E Feces 0/110
Nov 6 36°37′N, 126°21′E Feces 0/335 (1 LPAI)
Nov 7 36°44′N, 127°07′E Feces 0/105
Nov 22 36°44′N, 127°07′E Feces 0/260 (3 LPAI)
Dec 24 36°44′N, 127°07′E Feces 8/65 Mandarin duck K14-363-1
Greater white-fronted goose K14-367-4

Jan 22 36°47′N, 127°03′E Swab 1/17 Common teal KU-12
Jan 29 35°18′N, 128°40′E Swab 1/13 Mallard KU3-2
0/30 Northern pintail (1 LPAI)
Feb 6 37°32′N, 127°01′E Feces 1/50 Mallard N15-99
Feb 11 36°42′N, 126°27′E Swab 0/14 Mallard
Feb 25 37°23′N, 129°14′E Swab 0/13 Black-tailed gull
Mar 16
35°53′N, 127°01′E
Eurasian wigeon

Total 11/1,082

*Boldface indicates period of study. HPAI, highly pathogenic influenza virus; LPAI, low pathogenicity avian influenza.
†The hosts of the HPAI-positive fecal samples were identified by using DNA barcoding techniques as described (7).

Main Article

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Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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