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Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016

Tuberculosis Caused by Mycobacterium africanum, United States, 2004–2013

Aditya SharmaComments to Author , Emily Bloss, Charles M. Heilig, and Eleanor S. Click
Author affiliations: Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article


Multivariable analysis of risk factors associated with tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium africanum and M. tuberculosis, United States, 2009–2013

Risk factor Adjusted OR (Wald 95% CI)
Combined race/ethnicity and origin
Foreign born, non−West African 0.4 (0.1–1.9)
Foreign born, West African 253.8 (59.9–1076.1)
US born, non-Hispanic black 5.7 (1.2–25.9)
US born, Hispanic or other non-Hispanic race 1.1 (0.2–8.0)
US born, non-Hispanic white Referent
Clustered case
Yes 0.1 (0.1–0.4)
No Referent
Age, y
0–14 Referent
15–24 1.0 (0.3–3.5)
25–44 0.8 (0.2–2.5)
45–64 0.6 (0.2–2.0)
>65 0.3 (0.1–1.3)
F 0.9 (0.6–1.4)
M Referent
Reported HIV status
Negative Referent
Positive 0.9 (0.5–1.4)
Unknown/not determined 1.7 (0.9–3.3)
Primary disease site
Pulmonary Referent
Extrapulmonary 1.9 (1.0–3.6)
Pulmonary and extrapulmonary 1.1 (0.6–2.3)
Chest radiography finding
Abnormal, cavitary 2.1 (1.0–4.5)
Abnormal, noncavitary 0.9 (0.5–1.7)
Normal Referent
Homeless in year before diagnosis
Yes 1.0 (0.3–3.0)
No Referent
Resident of correctional facility in year before diagnosis
Yes 0.6 (0.1–4.8)
No Referent
Any drug use
Yes 0.4 (0.1–1.9)
No Referent
Excessive alcohol use
Yes 0.8 (0.3–2.4)
No Referent
Reason therapy stopped
Completed treatment Referent
Died during treatment 0.2 (0.1–1.6)
Other reason 1.3 (0.5–3.2)

Main Article

Page created: February 16, 2016
Page updated: February 16, 2016
Page reviewed: February 16, 2016
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.