Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 22, Number 4—April 2016

Effectiveness of a Mobile Short-Message-Service–Based Disease Outbreak Alert System in Kenya

Mitsuru TodaComments to Author , Ian Njeru, Dejan Zurovac, Shikanga O Tipo, David Kareko, Matilu Mwau, and Kouichi Morita

Author affiliations: Japan International Cooperation Agency, Tokyo, Japan (M. Toda); Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan (M. Toda); Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki (M. Toda, K. Morita); Ministry of Health Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya (I. Njeru, S. O-Tipo, D. Kareko); Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi (D. Zurovac); Oxford University, Oxford, UK (D. Zurovac); Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi (M. Mwau)

Main Article

Table 2

Postintervention reporting of immediately notifiable cases by study group under the intention-to-treat and per-protocol analysis*

Type of analysis Control
% Difference (95% CI)
Total Cases notified, no. (%) Total Cases notified, no. (%)
Intention to treat 39 1 (2.6) 130 25 (19.2) +16.7 (2.71–25.07)
Per protocol 21 1 (4.8) 88 24 (27.3) +22.5 (−0.32 to 34.13)

*Intention-to-treat analysis indicates analysis of treatment groups as they were randomized, regardless of the intervention exposure; per-protocol analysis indicates restricted analysis of groups that completed the entire study according to the trial protocol.

Main Article

Page created: March 16, 2016
Page updated: March 16, 2016
Page reviewed: March 16, 2016
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.