Volume 22, Number 4—April 2016
Transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infections in Healthcare Settings, Abu Dhabi
|Description of healthcare interaction||Healthcare workers, no. (%)|
|Timing of interaction|
|Before MERS-CoV diagnosis in source case-patient
|Type of interaction†|
|Patient examination||7 (50)|
|Procedure with potential aerosol generation‡||5 (36)|
|Patient transport||3 (21)|
|Duration of interaction†|
|<10 min||1 (11)|
|10–30 min||6 (43)|
|>30 min||2 (22)|
|PPE use during interaction†§|
|Any mask||6 (43)|
|Surgical mask||5 (36)|
|N95 respirator¶||2 (14)|
|Gown, gloves, and surgical mask or N95 respirator||3 (21)|
*Of the 19 healthcare worker case-patients identified, 14 occurred in persons who provided care for a source case (cases I-B–I-E, III-B–III-J, III-L); these 14 healthcare workers are described here. MERS-CoV, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus; PPE, personal protective equipment.
†Self-reported information on eye protection is not available.
‡Manipulation of cannula or oxygen mask (n = 3), administration of inhaler or nebulizer treatment (n = 2), intubation (n = 1), suctioning before intubation (n = 1); healthcare workers could perform >1 of these patient care activities.
§Information on eye protection is not available.
¶Of the 2 healthcare workers who reported wearing an N95 respirator, 1 wore N95 inconsistently, and 1 reported wearing gloves and a respirator during all patient care activities but did not consistently wear a gown and recalls an occasion when patient material contaminated her clothing.