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Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016

Q Fever, Scrub Typhus, and Rickettsial Diseases in Children, Kenya, 2011–2012

Alice N. MainaComments to Author , Christina M. Farris, Antony Odhiambo, Ju Jiang, Jeremiah Laktabai, Janice Armstrong, Thomas Holland, Allen L. Richards, and Wendy P. O’Meara
Author affiliations: Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA (A.N. Maina, C.M. Farris, A. Odhiambo, J. Jiang, A.L. Richards); Moi University College of Health Sciences, Eldoret, Kenya (J. Laktabai, J. Armstrong, W.P. O’Meara); Duke Global Health Institute and Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA (T. Holland, W.P. O’Meara)

Main Article

Table 1

Prevalence of IgG against Coxiella burnetii, SFGR, TGR, and STGO in serum samples from febrile children attending Webuye District Hospital, Bungoma, Kenya, November 2011–December 2012*

Antigen type Total no. samples screened No. (%) screen positive Total no. paired samples No. (%) IgG-positive† No. (%) acute infections‡
C. burnetii 364 47 (12.9) 281 10 (3.6) 25 (8.9)
SFGR 364 104 (28.6) 281 23 (8.2) 63 (22.4)
TGR 364 6 (1.6) 281 1 (0.4) 3 (1.1)
STGO 364 21 (5.8) 281 9 (3.2) 10 (3.6)

*The children were 1–12 years of age. SFGR, spotted fever group rickettsiae; STGO, scrub typhus group orientiae; TGR, typhus group rickettsiae.
†No change in antibody titer between acute- and convalescent-phase serum samples.
‡Seroconversion or 4-fold rise in antibody titer.

Main Article

Page created: April 13, 2016
Page updated: April 13, 2016
Page reviewed: April 13, 2016
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