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Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016

Malaria Hyperendemicity and Risk for Artemisinin Resistance among Illegal Gold Miners, French Guiana

Vincent Pommier de Santi, Félix Djossou, Nicolas Barthes, Hervé Bogreau, Georges Hyvert, Christophe Nguyen, Stéphane Pelleau, Eric Legrand, Lise Musset, Antoine Adenis, and Sébastien BriolantComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Military Center for Epidemiology and Public Health, Marseille, France (V. Pommier de Santi); Direction Interarmées du Service de Santé en Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana (V. Pommier de Santi, F. Djossou, N. Barthes, H. Bogreau, G. Hyvert, C. Nguyen, S. Briolant); Andrée Rosemon Hospital, Cayenne (F. Djossou, M. Nacher); Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Brétigny-sur-Orge, France (H. Bogreau, C. Nguyen, S. Briolant); Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, Cayenne (H. Bogreau, C. Nguyen, S. Pelleau, E. Legrand, L. Musset, S. Briolant); World Health Organization Collaborative Center for Surveillance of Antimalarial Drug Resistance, National Resistance Center of Malaria, Cayenne (S. Pelleau, E. Legrand, L. Musset); Institut Pasteur, Genetic and Genomics of Insects Vectors, Paris (E. Legrand); Centre d'Investigation Clinique INSERM 1424 and EA3593 Université de Guyane, Cayenne (M. Nacher)

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Table 2

Number of positive parasite carriers by Plasmodium species according to diagnostic method, French Guiana, 2013–2014

P. falciparum, n = 44 P. vivax, n = 29
RDT* 23 (52.3) 8 (27.6) 8 (30.8) 40 (40.4) 19.5
Thin blood film 16 (36.4) 10 (34.5) 6 (23.1) 32 (32.3) 15.6
RDT and thin blood film 14 (31.8) 8 (27.6) 4 (15.4) 26 (26.3) 12.7
Cumulative RDT/thin blood film 25 (56.8) 10 (34.5) 10 (38.5) 46 (46.5) 22.4
PCR 42 (95.5) 28 (96.6) 26 (100.0) 96 (97.0)† 46.8†

*Malaria rapid diagnostic test: SD Bioline Ag Pf/pan (Standard Diagnostics, Inc., Giheung-gu, South Korea).
†In 3 cases (2 P. falciparum infections, 1 P. vivax infection) PCR results were negative, but results of thin blood films were positive.

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Page created: April 13, 2016
Page updated: April 13, 2016
Page reviewed: April 13, 2016
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