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Volume 23, Number 9—September 2017

Processes Underlying Rabies Virus Incursions across US–Canada Border as Revealed by Whole-Genome Phylogeography

Hannah Trewby, Susan A. Nadin-Davis, Leslie A. Real, and Roman BiekComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (H. Trewby, L.A. Real); University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK (H. Trewby, R. Biek); Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (S.A. Nadin-Davis)

Main Article


Summary of Canada outbreaks and evidence of multiple introductions of raccoon-specific variant of rabies virus, backflow from Canada to the United States, and long-distance movement initiating an outbreak

Location Time No. recorded
cases Evidence of
multiple introductions Evidence of
backflow to the United States Evidence of long-
distance movement
Ontario (east) 1999–2005 132 Yes No No
Ontario (west) 2015–ongoing 307* No No Yes
Quebec 2006–2009 104 Yes Yes (strong) No
Quebec 2015–2015 1 No No No
New Brunswick 2000–2002 64 No No No
New Brunswick 2014–ongoing 30* No Yes (weak) No

*Number correct as of April 30, 2017.

Main Article

Page created: August 14, 2017
Page updated: August 14, 2017
Page reviewed: August 14, 2017
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.