Tuberculosis Treatment Monitoring by Video Directly Observed Therapy in 5 Health Districts, California, USA
Richard S. Garfein
, Lin Liu, Jazmine Cuevas-Mota, Kelly Collins, Fatima Muñoz, Donald G. Catanzaro, Kathleen Moser, Julie Higashi, Teeb Al-Samarrai, Paula Kriner, Julie Vaishampayan, Javier Cepeda, Michelle A. Bulterys, Natasha K. Martin, Phillip Rios, and Fredric Raab
Author affiliations: University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA (R.S. Garfein, L. Liu, J. Cuevas-Mota, K. Collins, F. Muñoz, J. Cepeda, M.A. Bulterys, N.K. Martin, P. Rios, F. Raab); University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA (D.G. Catanzaro); San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency, San Diego, California, USA (K. Moser); San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, USA (J. Higashi); Santa Clara County Public Health Department, San Jose, California, USA (T. Al-Samarrai); Imperial County Public Health Department, El Centro, California, USA (P. Kriner); San Joaquin Public Health Services, Stockton, California, USA (J. Vaishampayan)
Figure 2. FEDO among patients monitored ingesting medication for tuberculosis by VDOT compared with FEDO and adherence for patients monitored using in-person DOT in a study assessing VDOT for monitoring tuberculosis treatment, 5 California health districts, 2015–2016. FEDO assessed by number of complete doses observed through VDOT divided by the number of doses expected. Adherence assessed by number of doses observed through DOT divided by the number of prescribed doses. Because missed or self-administered doses had to be rescheduled, the number of times a dose was expected could exceed the number of doses prescribed. DOT, directly observed therapy; FEDO, fraction of expected doses observed; VDOT, video directly observed therapy.
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