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Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018

Norovirus Gastroenteritis among Hospitalized Patients, Germany, 2007–2012

Frank KowalzikComments to Author , Harald Binder, Daniela Zöller, Margarita Riera-Montes, Ralf Clemens1, Thomas Verstraeten, and Fred Zepp
Author affiliations: University Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany (F. Kowalzik, H. Binder, D. Zöller, F. Zepp); P95 Pharmacovigilance and Epidemiology Services, Leuven, Belgium (M. Riera-Montes, T. Verstraeten); Takeda Pharmaceutical International AG, Zurich, Switzerland (R. Clemens)

Main Article

Table 3

Published norovirus gastroenteritis hospitalization incidence rates in selected countries in Europe and North America, 1996–2013*

Country Data source Study years Infection type or diagnostic position No. cases/10,000 population
Germany (this study)
Retrospective analysis of DESTATIS hospitalization data
2007–2012 Primary diagnosis 3.4
Secondary diagnosis
Germany (14)
Retrospective analysis of RKI notification data
Germany (13)
Retrospective analysis of RKI notification data
England (26)
Retrospective regression analysis using PHE notification data and HES emergency admissions
2000–2006 Community-acquired 1.0–4.3†
England (27)
Retrospective analysis of GP and hospital discharge databases
Any position
The Netherlands (23)
Retrospective analysis of national surveillance data
United States (24)
Retrospective regression analysis using NIS data
Any position
Canada (25) Retrospective binomial generalized linear analysis using CIHI-HMDB data 2006–2011 Primary diagnosis 0.05
2006–2011 Other diagnosis 0.17

*CIHI-HMDB, Canadian Institutes of Health Information–Hospital Morbidity Database; DESTATIS, German Federal Statistics Office; HES, Hospital Episode Statistics; NIS, Nationwide Inpatient Sample; PHE, Public Health England; RKI, Robert Koch Institute.
†Age >65 y.
‡Age 18–64 y.

Main Article

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Main Article

1Current affiliation: Global Research in Infectious Diseases, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Page created: October 16, 2018
Page updated: October 16, 2018
Page reviewed: October 16, 2018
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