Volume 24, Number 12—December 2018
Influences of Community Interventions on Zika Prevention Behaviors of Pregnant Women, Puerto Rico, July 2016–June 20171
|Behavior||Samples, % (no.)||Received WIC Zika orientation
||Exposed to Detén el Zika campaign
||Offered free home spraying
|Removing (or covering) standing water*|
|Removed standing water in past week||90.3 (531)||90.5||87.2||91.8||85.5||93.9||85.6||91.3||90.2|
|Has not in past week; reports action generally||1.2 (7)||1.1||2.6||0.9||2.2||1.3||1.2||1.9||0.8|
|Has not in past week; does report action generally||8.5 (50)||8.4||10.3||7.3||12.3||4.7||13.2||6.8||9.0|
| p value
|Spraying home (or yard) for mosquitoes|
|Sprayed for mosquitoes (self or service)||43.1 (569)||43.7||33.7||44.4||37.7||42.6||43.2||82.3||22.9|
|No home spraying||56.9 (752)||56.3||66.3||55.6||62.3||57.4||56.8||17.7||77.1|
|Has applied larvicide around home (self or family)||31.3 (308)||24.2||10.8||40.5||7.9||30.0||32.9||20.1||37.3|
|Never applied larvicide around home (self or family)||68.7 (675)||75.8||89.2||59.5||92.1||70.0||67.1||79.9||62.7|
|Installing window or door screens|
|Reports putting screens on windows, doors||17.8 (236)||17.4||22.1||17.6||18.5||18.0||18.7||18.1||17.5|
|Does not report putting screens on windows, doors||82.2 (1,093)||82.6||77.9||82.4||81.5||82.0||81.3||81.9||82.5|
*All data indicate percentages unless otherwise indicated. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05 by Mann-Whitney U nonparametric test) are shown in boldface. WIC, Women, Infants, and Children Program (US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service); ZPK, Zika prevention kit.
†Among those having yards for which they are responsible, and where water was present.
1Preliminary results from this study were presented as a poster presentation at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, August 29, 2018, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.