Figure. Phylogenetic relationships of Bartonella rousetti (proposed name) obtained from Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) collected in Nigeria, 2010 and 2013, and other Bartonella species and bat-associated Bartonella based on internal transcribed spacer sequences. The neighbor-joining method by the Kimura 2-parameter distance method and bootstrap calculation was conducted with 1,000 replicates for phylogenetic analysis. The internal transcribed spacer sequence obtained from the bat flies was closely clustered with B. rousetti. GenBank accession numbers are provided for the B. rousetti sequence and the comparison sequences.