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Volume 24, Number 3—March 2018

Use of Verbal Autopsy to Determine Underlying Cause of Death during Treatment of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis, India

Poonam Ramesh NaikComments to Author , Patrick K. Moonan, Abhay Subhashrao Nirgude, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Srinath Satyanarayana, Pracheth Raghuveer, Malik Parmar, Chinnappareddy Ravichandra, and Anil Singarajipura
Author affiliations: Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India (P.R. Naik, A.S. Nirgude, P. Raghuveer); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (P.K. Moonan); International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, New Delhi, India (H.D. Shewade, S. Satyanarayana); World Health Organization Country Office for India, New Delhi (M. Parmar); National Tuberculosis Institute, Bangalore, India (C. Ravichandra); Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Karnataka, Bangalore (A. Singarajipura)

Main Article

Table 1

Medical conditions related to underlying cause of death for tuberculosis patients, Karnataka, India*

Consensus reached from verbal autopsy Consensus reached after discussion
Breathlessness HIV-related opportunistic infections
Chest pain Acute myocardial infarction
Hemoptysis Hypertensive heart disease
Cardiac arrest History of cardiac enlargement
Productive cough Bilateral foot edema suggestive of congestive cardiac failure
Loss of appetite Hemorrhagic shock and anemia
History of stroke Alcoholic gastritis
Mental confusion Alcoholic liver disease
Death by hanging Hepatic failure
Drowning Sepsis due to tuberculosis
Acid consumption Unilateral feet edema suggestive of pulmonary embolism
HIV/TB co-infection Oral cancer

*A 3-member commission determined underlying cause of death after verbal autopsy (interviews and record review), or after in-person discussion if the members could not reach consensus.

Main Article

Page created: February 15, 2018
Page updated: February 15, 2018
Page reviewed: February 15, 2018
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