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Volume 25, Number 12—December 2019

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus in Gray Seals, Baltic Sea

Dai-Lun Shin, Ursula Siebert, Jan Lakemeyer, Miguel Grilo, Iwona Pawliczka, Nai-Huei Wu, Peter Valentin-Weigand, Ludwig Haas1, and Georg HerrlerComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany (D.-L. Shin, U. Siebert, J. Lakemeyer, M. Grilo, N.-H. Wu, P. Valentin-Weigand, L. Haas, G. Herrler); University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland (I. Pawliczka)

Main Article


Molecular markers for enhancing interspecies transmission ability of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) virus to seals, Poland*

Subtype Location Year isolated Amino acid position
17C E627K D701N 453S 192H 226L 228S
H5N8‡ Baltic Sea 2016 R E D A R Q G
H10N7§ North Sea 2015 C E D S H L G
H3N8¶ North Atlantic Ocean 2011 R E N A R Q G
H4N5# North Atlantic Ocean 1982 R E D A R Q G
H7N7** North Atlantic Ocean 1980 R E D A R Q G

*HA, hemagglutinin; PB1, polymerase basic 1; PB2, polymerase basic 2; PA, polymerase.
†All HA genes are in H3 numbering.
‡Strain destination: A/gray seal/BalticPL/361–10/2016 (this study).
§Strain destination: A/harbor seal/Netherlands/PV14–221_ThS/2015.
¶Strain destination: A/harbor seal/New Hampshire/179629/2011.
#Strain destination: A/harbor seal/Massachusetts/133/1982.
**Strain destination: A/harbor seal/Massachusetts/1/1980.

Main Article


Page created: November 18, 2019
Page updated: November 18, 2019
Page reviewed: November 18, 2019
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