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Volume 25, Number 5—May 2019

Infections among Contacts of Patients with Nipah Virus, India

C.P. Girish Kumar, Attayur P. Sugunan, Pragya Yadav, Karishma Krishna Kurup, Renjith Aarathee, Ponnaiah Manickam, Tarun Bhatnagar, Chandni Radhakrishnan, Beena Thomas, Akhilesh Kumar, Jayasree Jayasree, Bina Philomina, K.G. Sajeeth Kumar, N.K. Thulaseedharan, Nivedita Gupta, R. Rajendran, R.L. Saritha, Devendra T. Mourya, Raman R. Gangakhedkar, Manoj V. MurhekarComments to Author , and Jayasree
Author affiliations: ICMR National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, India (C.P.G. Kumar, K.K. Kurup, R. Aarathee, P. Manickam, T. Bhatnagar, M.V. Murhekar); ICMR–Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair, India (A.P. Sugunan); ICMR–National Institute of Virology, Pune, India (P. Yadav, D.T. Mourya); Directorate of Health Services, Government of Kerala, Kerala (R. Aarathee, A. Kumar, V. Jayasree, R.L. Saritha); Government Medical College, Kozikhode, India (C. Radhakrishnan, B. Thomas, B. Philomina, K.G.S. Kumar, N.K. Thulaseedharan, V.R. Rajendran); Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India (N. Gupta, R.R. Gangakhedkar)

Main Article

Table 2

Details of Nipah virus seropositive samples among close patient contacts, Kerala, India, 2018

Characteristic Contact 1* Contact 2* Contact 3
Age, y 58 60 49
Sex M F M
Date of contact 22 May 2018 22 May 2018 5 May 2018
Time between exposure and blood sample collection
49 d
49 d
63 d
Laboratory findings
  IgM against Nipah virus (optical density) Positive (0.55) Positive (0.77) Positive (0.46)
  IgG against Nipah virus (optical density)
Positive (0.85)
Positive (1.86)
Negative (0.09)
Time of exposure
  During patient’s illness Yes Yes Yes
  On day of patient’s death Yes Yes No
  After patient’s death (e.g., funeral rituals)
Type of exposure
  Touched patient Yes Yes Yes
  Had contact with a patient’s body fluids Yes Yes Yes
  Spent >1 day with a patient in same room or ward Yes Yes No
  Fed patient with hands No Yes No
  Changed patient’s bed linen No Yes No
  Changed patient’s clothes No Yes No
  Washed patient’s bed linen No Yes No
  Washed patient’s clothes No Yes No

*Family member of patient with Nipah virus.

Main Article

Page created: April 18, 2019
Page updated: April 18, 2019
Page reviewed: April 18, 2019
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.