Spatial Epidemiologic Trends and Hotspots of Leishmaniasis, Sri Lanka, 2001–2018
Nadira D. Karunaweera1
, Samitha Ginige, Sanath Senanayake, Hermali Silva, Nuwani Manamperi, Nilakshi Samaranayake, Yamuna Siriwardana, Deepa Gamage, Upul Senerath, and Guofa Zhou1
Author affiliations: University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka (N.D. Karunaweera, S. Senanayake, H. Silva, N. Samaranayake, Y. Siriwardana, U. Senerath); Ministry of Health, Colombo (S. Ginige, D. Gamage); University of Kelaniya, Ragama, Western Sri Lanka (N. Manamperi); University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, USA (G. Zhou)
Figure 5. Optimized hotspots and coldspots of leishmaniasis in districts of Sri Lanka during 2015–2017. Hotspots and coldspots were calculated by using the Optimized Hot Spot Analysis tool of ArcGIS (Esri, https://www.arcgis.com); hotspots had large positive z-scores and coldspots had negative z-scores.
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