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Volume 26, Number 12—December 2020

Game Animal Density, Climate, and Tick-Borne Encephalitis in Finland, 2007–2017

Timothée DubComments to Author , Jukka Ollgren, Sari Huusko, Ruut Uusitalo, Mika Siljander, Olli Vapalahti, and Jussi Sane
Author affiliations: European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden (T. Dub); Finnish institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland (T. Dub, J. Ollgren, S. Huusko, J. Sane); University of Helsinki, Helsinki (R. Uusitalo, M. Siljander, O. Vapalahti); Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki (O. Vapalahti)

Main Article

Table 3

Ecologic parameters associated with tick-borne encephalitis incidence, Finland, 2007–2017*

Species Coefficient (95% CI of coefficient) IR (95% CI) p value AIC BIC
Moose (Alces alces) –0.011 (–0.025 to 0.002) 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.11 1034.1
Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) –0.067 (–0.131 to –0.003) 0.94 (0.88–1.00) 0.04
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) 0.037 (0.009–0.064) 1.04 (1.01–1.07) 0.01
Mountain hare (Lepus timidus) 0.004 (–0.000 to 0.008) 1.00 (1.00–1.01) 0.08
Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
0.007 (–0.001 to 0.015)
1.01 (1.00–1.02)
*Based on the yearly number of moose, roe deer, white-tailed deer, mountain hare, and red fox killed by hunters, adjusted for average minimum temperature with a 1-month lag, trend over time, and 12-month periodicity. AIC, Akaike information criterion of the multivariable time series model; BIC, Bayesian information criterion of the multivariable times series model; IR, incidence ratio.

Main Article

Page created: September 18, 2020
Page updated: November 19, 2020
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