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Volume 26, Number 12—December 2020
Online Report

Role of Oral Rabies Vaccines in the Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths

Ryan M. WallaceComments to Author , Florence Cliquet, Christine Fehlner-Gardiner, Anthony R. Fooks, Claude T. Sabeta, Alvaro Aguilar Setién, Changchun Tu, Vlad Vuta, Boris Yakobson, Dong-Kun Yang, Gideon Brückner, Conrad M. Freuling, Lea Knopf, Artem Metlin, Patricia Pozzetti, Pebi Purwo Suseno, Sean V. Shadomy, Gregorio Torres, Marco Antonio Natal Vigilato, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, and Thomas Müller
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (R.M. Wallace, S.V. Shadomy); Agency for Food, Environmental, and Occupational Health and Safety, Malzéville, France (F. Cliquet); Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (C. Fehlner-Gardiner); Animal and Plant Health Agency, Weybridge, UK (A.R. Fooks); Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Pretoria, South Africa (C.T. Sabeta); Unidad de Investigación Médica en Inmunología, Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Mexico City, Mexico (A.A. Setién); Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun, China (C. Tu); Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania (V. Vuta); Kimron Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan, Israel (B. Yakobson); Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheong-si, South Korea (D.-K. Yang); World Organisation for Animal Health, Paris, France (G. Brückner, P. Pozzetti, G. Torres); Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany (C.M. Freuling, T. Müller); World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland (L. Knopf, B. Abela-Ridder); Federal Centre for Animal Health, Vladimir, Russia (A. Metlin); Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia (P. Purwo Suseno); Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy (S.V. Shadomy); Pan American Health Organization, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (M.A.N. Vigilato)

Main Article

Table 4

Considerations for rabies vaccination methods applied to dog populations

Accessibility of the dog population Central point Door-to-door Capture–vaccinate–release Oral vaccination
Owned, confined dogs Good coverage Good coverage Moderate coverage Rarely applicable*
Owned, roaming dogs Moderate coverage Moderate coverage Good coverage Good coverage
Unowned dogs Poor coverage Poor coverage Good coverage Good coverage
Advantage Inexpensive Owners do not have to transport dogs Expensive and requires trained staff Easy and targets free roaming dogs
Disadvantage Low free-roaming dog coverage Low free-roaming dog coverage Cost and scalability concerns Cost, safety, and efficacy concerns

*Parenteral vaccination should be the preferred method when the dog can be brought for vaccination by an owner.

Main Article

Page created: October 15, 2020
Page updated: November 19, 2020
Page reviewed: November 19, 2020
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.