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Volume 26, Number 5—May 2020

Capybara and Brush Cutter Involvement in Q Fever Outbreak in Remote Area of Amazon Rain Forest, French Guiana, 2014

Jacques-Robert ChristenComments to Author , Sophie Edouard, Thierry Lamour, Enguerrane Martinez, Claire Rousseau, Franck de Laval, François Catzeflis, Félix Djossou, Didier Raoult, Vincent Pommier de Santi1, and Loïc Epelboin1
Author affiliations: Laveran Military Teaching Hospital, Marseille, France (J.-R. Christen); Aix-Marseille University, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Microbes, Evolution, Phylogénie et Infection, Marseille (S. Edouard, D. Raoult); French Armed Forces Medical Health Service, Cayenne, French Guiana (T. Lamour, E. Martinez); Clermont-Tonnerre Military Teaching Hospital, Brest, France (C. Rousseau); French Armed Forces Center for Epidemiology and Public Health, Marseille (F. de Laval, V. Pommier de Santi); Institute of Evolutionary Sciences, UMR 5554 CNRS, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France (F. Catzeflis); Andrée Rosemon Hospital and Amazonian Ecosystems and Tropical Pathology, EA 3593, University of French Guiana, Cayenne (F. Djossou, L. Epelboin); Aix-Marseille University, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, French Military Health Service, Vecteurs-Infections TROpicales et MEditerranéennes, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille (V. Pommier de Santi)

Main Article

Table 2

Univariate analysis of risk factors for acute Q fever development in outbreak near Comté River, Amazon Rain Forest, French Guiana, 2014*

Exposure type Cases, n = 5, no. (%) Controls, n = 15, no. (%) Crude OR (95% CI) p value
Using brush cutter 2 (40) 3 (20) 2.52 (0.15–36.3) 0.56
Being close to brush cutter while in use 5 (100) 5 (33) NA (1.20–NA) 0.03
Collecting or moving wood 4 (80) 11 (73) 1.43 (0.09–89.2) 1
Collecting freshly cut grass 0 2 (13) 0 (0–16.8) 1
Cleaning dust on furniture 2 (40) 11 (73) 0.26 (0.02–3.19) 0.29
Sweeping carbet 3 (60) 13 (87) 0.25 (0.01–4.79) 0.25
Using shower inside carbet 3 (60) 4 (27) 3.81 (0.31–62.5) 0.29
Walking around carbet 2 (40) 5 (33) 1.31 (0.08–16.0) 1
Stirring soil 1 (20) 1 (7) 3.24 (0.04–293) 0.45
Cleaning animal droppings 0 7 (47) 0 (0–1.81) 0.11

*NA, not applicable; OR, odds ratio.

Main Article

1These senior authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: April 16, 2020
Page updated: April 16, 2020
Page reviewed: April 16, 2020
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