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Volume 26, Number 7—July 2020

Serologic Evidence of Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus and Related Viruses in Pakistan

Ali Zohaib1, Jingyuan Zhang1, Muhammad Saqib1, Muhammad Ammar Athar, Muhammad Hammad Hussain, Jing Chen, Awais-ur-Rahman Sial, M. Haleem Tayyab, Murrafa Batool, Saeed Khan, Yun Luo, Cecilia Waruhiu, Zeeshan Taj, Zulfiqar Hayder, Riaz Ahmed, Abu Bakr Siddique, Xinglou Yang, Muhammad Asif Qureshi, Ikram Uddin Ujjan, Amanullah Lail, Iahtasham Khan, Tao Zhang, Fei Deng, Zhengli Shi, Shu ShenComments to Author , and Sajjad-Ur-Rahman
Author affiliations: Atta-ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences, National University of Sciences and Technology H-12 Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan (A. Zohaib); Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China (A. Zohaib, J.Y. Zhang, J. Chen, Y. Luo, C. Waruhiu, X.-L. Yang, T. Zhang, F. Deng, Z.-L. Shi, S. Shen); University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan (M. Saqib, M. Batool, M.H. Tayyab, Sajjad-Ur-Rahman); National Institute of Virology, Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS) University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan (M.A. Athar); Animal Health Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Muscat, Oman (M.H. Hussain); PMAS Aird Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan (A. Sial); Dow University of Health Science, Karachi, Pakistan (S. Khan, M.A. Qureshi, A. Lail); Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan (Z. Taj); Quaid e Azam Medical College Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan (Z. Hayder); Shifa Khana Sahib Zaman Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan (R. Ahmed); Pakistan Lab Diagnostic and Research Center, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan (A. Siddique); Liaqat University of Medical and Health Science, Jamshoro, Pakistan (I.D. Ujjan); College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Jhang, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan (I. Khan); National Virus Resource Center, Wuhan (F. Deng, S. Shen)

Main Article


Seroprevalence of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus in Pakistan based on ELISA and MNT results

Category ELISA
No. positive/no. tested Prevalence, % (95% CI) p value No. positive/no. tested Prevalence, % (95% CI) p value
Punjab 446/861 51.8 (48.4–55.2) <0.001

22/861 2.6 (1.6–3.8) 0.339
Balochistan 86/181 47.5 (40.1–55.1) 2/181 1.1 (0.1–3.9)
Sindh 212/523 40.5 (36.3–44.9) 17/523 3.3 (1.9–5.2)
32.6 (23.2–43.2)
1.1 (0–5.9)
M 313/733 42.7 (39.1–46.4) 0.004

17/733 2.3 (1.4–3.7) 0.619
49.9 (46.6–53.2)
2.7 (1.8–4)
Age group, y
15–24 196/413 47.5 (42.6–52.4) 0.919

8/413 1.9 (0.8–3.8) 0.120
25–34 310/669 46.3 (42.5–50.2) 21/669 3.1 (2–4.8)
35–44 149/325 45.9 (40.3–51.4) 3/325 0.9 (0.2–2.7)
45–54 89/184 48.4 (41–55.8) 8/184 4.4 (1.9–8.4)
55–64 22/52 42.3 (28.7–56.8) 1/52 1.9 (0–10.3)
57.1 (28.9–82.3)
7.1 (0.2–33.9)
Total 774/1657 46.7 (44.3–49.1) 42/1657 2.5 (1.9–3.4)

*KPK, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; MNT, microneutralization test.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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Page updated: June 18, 2020
Page reviewed: June 18, 2020
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