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Volume 26, Number 8—August 2020

Association of Dengue Virus and Leptospira Co-Infections with Malaria Severity

Rajendra Mandage1, Charandeep Kaur1, Atreyi Pramanik1, Vinod Kumar2, Parul Kodan, Adarsh Singh, Sounak Saha, Shivam Pandey, Naveet Wig, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Manish Soneja, and Pragyan AcharyaComments to Author 
Author affiliations: All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India (R. Mandage, C. Kaur, A. Pramanik, P. Kodan, S. Pandey, N. Wig, R.M. Pandey, M. Soneja, P. Acharya); Nehru Shatabdi Chikitsalaya, Singrauli, India (V. Kumar); Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India (A. Singh, S. Saha)

Main Article

Table 1

Frequency of co-infections with Plasmodium spp. and DENV serotypes 1–4, Leptopsira spp., and Orientia tsutsugamushi, India, July 2017–September 2018*

Pathogen No. co-infections
All Plasmodium-positive infections, n = 66
P. falciparum alone 10
P. vivax alone 34
P. knowlesi alone 5
P. vivax + P. knowlesi 4
P. falciparum + P. vivax 10
P. falciparum + P. knowlesi 1
P. falciparum + P. vivax + P. knowlesi
Plasmodium + bacteria co-infections, n = 17
Plasmodium + O. tsutsugamushi 5
Plasmodium + Leptospira 11
Plasmodium + Leptospira + O. tsutsugamushi
Plasmodium + DENV co-infections, n = 40
Plasmodium + DENV, all serotypes 40
Plasmodium + DENV-1 8
Plasmodium + DENV-3 5
Plasmodium + DENV-4 20
Plasmodium + DENV-1 + DENV-3 1
Plasmodium + DENV-1 + DENV-4 2
Plasmodium + DENV-3 + DENV-4 1
Plasmodium + DENV-1 + DENV-4 + DENV-3
Plasmodium + DENV + bacteria co-infections, n = 11
Plasmodium + DENV + Leptospira 8
Plasmodium + DENV+ O. tsutsugamushi 2
Plasmodium + DENV + Leptospira + O. tsutsugamushi 1

*P. malariae and P. ovale were not detected in the study population. DENV, dengue virus.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

2Work was conducted at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

Page created: June 11, 2020
Page updated: July 17, 2020
Page reviewed: July 17, 2020
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