Volume 26, Number 9—September 2020
Evaluation of World Health Organization–Recommended Hand Hygiene Formulations
|Mean log10 reduction||Hodges-Lehmann upper 97.5% confidence limit†||Mean log10 reduction||Hodges-Lehmann upper 97.5% confidence limit‡|
|WHO I modified with ethanol||2.99 ± 1.03||0.03 n.i.||1.95 ± 0.97||0.55 n.i.|
|WHO II modified with isopropanol||2.95 ± 1.03||0.23 n.i.||2.17 ± 1·48||0.47 n.i.|
|Reference||2.64 ± 0.93||Not applicable||2.02 ± 1.06||Not applicable|
*n = 24 study participants. n.i., noninferior versus reference; WHO, World Health Organization.
†With an agreed inferiority margin of 0.75 log10.
‡With an agreed inferiority margin of 0.85 log10.
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Page updated: August 18, 2020
Page reviewed: August 18, 2020
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