Ocular Filariasis in Human Caused by Breinlia (Johnstonema) annulipapillata Nematode, Australia
Anson V. Koehler
, Jennifer M.B. Robson, David M. Spratt, Joshua Hann, Ian Beveridge, Michael Walsh, Rodney McDougall, Mark Bromley, Anna Hume, Harsha Sheorey, and Robin B. Gasser
Author affiliations: University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia (A.V. Koehler, I. Beveridge, R.B. Gasser); Sullivan Nicolaides Pathology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (J.M.B. Robson, M. Walsh, R. McDougall, M. Bromley, A. Hume); Australian National Wildlife Collection, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia (D.M. Spratt); Eastside Eye Specialist Care, Carindale, Queensland, Australia (J. Hann); St. Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (H. Sheorey)
Figure 1. Identification of Breinlia sp. nematodes from a patient with ocular filariasis, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 2019. A) Photograph (in situ) of male B. (Johnstonema) annulipapillata nematode from the subconjunctiva, illustrating thick heavily sclerotized spicules (s). B) Right lateral view of male tail of B. (J.) annulipapillata nematode, illustrating left (ls) and right (rs) spicules; right spicules showed a bifurcated distal extremity (dt), a diagnostic character of the species.
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