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Volume 27, Number 2—February 2021

Anopheles stephensi Mosquitoes as Vectors of Plasmodium vivax and falciparum, Horn of Africa, 2019

Fitsum G. Tadesse1Comments to Author , Temesgen Ashine1, Hiwot Teka, Endashaw Esayas, Louisa A. Messenger, Wakweya Chali, Lisette Meerstein-Kessel, Thomas Walker, Sinknesh Wolde Behaksra, Kjerstin Lanke, Roel Heutink, Claire L. Jeffries, Daniel Abebe Mekonnen, Elifaged Hailemeskel, Surafel K. Tebeje, Temesgen Tafesse, Abrham Gashaw, Tizita Tsegaye, Tadele Emiru, Kigozi Simon, Eyuel Asemahegn Bogale, Gedeon Yohannes, Soriya Kedir, Girma Shumie, Senya Asfer Sabir, Peter Mumba, Dereje Dengela, Jan H. Kolaczinski, Anne Wilson, Thomas S. Churcher, Sheleme Chibsa, Matthew Murphy, Meshesha Balkew, Seth Irish, Chris Drakeley, Endalamaw Gadisa, and Teun Bousema
Author affiliations: Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (F.G. Tadesse, T. Ashine, H. Teka, E. Esayas, W. Chali, S.W. Behaksra, D.A. Mekonnen, E. Hailemeskel, S.K. Tebeje, T. Tafesse, A. Gashaw, T. Tsegaye, T. Emiru, E.A. Bogale, G. Shumie, S.A. Sabir, E. Gadisa); Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands (F.G. Tadesse, L. Meerstein-Kessel, K. Lanke, R. Heutink, E. Hailemeskel, S.K. Tebeje, T. Bousema); Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa (F.G. Tadesse, D.A. Mekonnen, E. Hailemeskel); United States Agency for International Development, Addis Ababa (H. Teka, S. Chibsa, M. Murphy); London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (L.A. Messenger, T. Walker, C.L. Jeffries, K. Simon, C. Drakeley, T. Bousema); President’s Malaria Initiative VectorLink Ethiopia Project, Addis Ababa (G. Yohannes, P. Mumba, M. Balkew); Oromia Regional Health Bureau, Adama, Ethiopia (S. Kedir); President’s Malaria Initiative VectorLink Project, Rockville, Maryland, USA (D. Dengela); World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland (J.H. Kolaczinski); Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK; (A. Wilson); Imperial College London, London (T.S. Churcher); United States President’s Malaria Initiative, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (S. Chibsa, M. Murphy, S. Irish); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (S. Irish)

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of 85 aquatic habitats surveyed in study of Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes as vectors of Plasmodium vivax and falciparum, Horn of Africa, 2019

Habitats, no.
Mosquito larvae, no. larvae detected/no. habitats sampled (%)
Mosquito pupae, no. pupae detected/no. habitats sampled (%)
Localities (kebeles) within the town of Awash Sebat Kilo
Sebat Kilo 60 44/60 (73.3) 19/44 (43.2)
Lemlefan 17 12/17 (70.6) 0/12 (0)
8/8 (100.0)
5/8 (62.5)
Artificial containers
Permanent 48 41/48 (85.4) 17/41 (41.5)
23/37 (62.2)
7/23 (30.4)
Shade status
Fully 22 14/22 (63.6) 6/14 (42.9)
Partial 24 22/24 (99.7) 7/22 (31.8)
28/39 (71.8)
11/28 (39.3)
Use status
In use 71 54/71 (76.1) 20/54 (37.0)
Not in use
10/14 (71.4)
4/10 (40.0)
Container material
Fiber jar/tire 23 10/23 (43.5) 4/10 (40.0)
Metal/steel tanks/drum/barrel 17 16/17 (94.1) 5/16 (31.3)
38/4 (84.4)
15/38 (39.5)
Water turbidity
Clean 56 45/56 (80.4) 17/45 (37.8)
Turbid 28 19/28 (67.9) 7/19 (36.8)

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: January 08, 2021
Page updated: January 24, 2021
Page reviewed: January 24, 2021
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