Effects of Coronavirus Disease Pandemic on Tuberculosis Notifications, Malawi
Rebecca Nzawa Soko1
, Rachael M. Burke1
, Helena R.A. Feasey, Wakumanya Sibande, Marriott Nliwasa, Marc Y.R. Henrion, McEwen Khundi, Peter J. Dodd, Chu Chang Ku, Gift Kawalazira, Augustine T. Choko, Titus H. Divala, Elizabeth L. Corbett2
, and Peter MacPherson2
Author affiliations: Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi (R. Nzawa Soko, R.M. Burke, H.R.A. Feasey, W. Sibande, M. Nliwasa, M.Y.R. Henrion, M. Khundi, A.T. Choko, T.H. Divala, E.L. Corbett, P. MacPherson); London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (R. Nzawa Soko, R.M. Burke, H.R.A. Feasey, M. Khundi, T.H. Divala, E.L. Corbett, P. MacPherson); University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre (M. Nliwasa); Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK (M.Y.R. Henrion, P. MacPherson); University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK (P.J. Dodd, C.C. Ku); District Health Office, Blantyre (G. Kawalazira)
Figure 2. Effects of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on monthly TB case notifications in Blantyre, Malawi, by HIV status, registration site, and sex. A) TB notifications at primary healthcare centers. B) TB notifications at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital. Dots indicate observed number of cases per month. Solid lines indicate fitted model with both step and slope change due to COVID-19; shaded areas indicate 95% CI. Vertical dotted lines indicate time that COVID-19 emergency was declared in Malawi. TB, tuberculosis.
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