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Volume 28, Number 1—January 2022

Effect on Antimicrobial Resistance of a Policy Restricting Over-the-Counter Antimicrobial Sales in a Large Metropolitan Area, São Paulo, Brazil

Maria L. Moura, Icaro Boszczowski, Manuela Blaque, Rafael M. Mussarelli, Victor Fossaluza, Ligia C. Pierrotti, Gustavo Campana, Maria C. Brandileone, Rosemeire Zanella, Samanta C.G. Almeida, and Anna S. LevinComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Universidade de São Paulo Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo, Brazil (M.L. Moura, I. Boszczowski); Universidade de São Paulo Instituto de Matemática e Estatística, São Paulo (M. Blaque, R.M. Mussarelli, V. Fossaluza); Diagnósticos da América Laboratory, São Paulo (L.C. Pierrotti, G. Campana); National Laboratory for Meningitis and Pneumococcal Infections, São Paulo (M.C. Brandileone, R. Zanella, S.C.G. Almeida); Universidade de São Paulo Faculdade de Medicina, São Paulo (A.S. Levin)

Main Article


Sales of oral antimicrobial drugs in the of São Paulo metropolitan area, Brazil, 2008–2016*

Antimicrobial drug Antimicrobial sales, DID
2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
Amoxicillin 3.22 3.43 2.73 2.37 2.58
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole 2.57 2.87 2.04 2.23 2.19
Ciprofloxacin 0.52 0.68 0.59 0.81 0.88
Azithromycin 0.62 0.66 0.37 0.64 0.86
Cephalexin 0.54 0.70 0.56 0.65 0.63
Total 7.86 8.77 6.71 7.19 7.65

*DID, defined daily dose per 1,000 inhabitants per day.

Main Article

Page created: December 01, 2021
Page updated: December 20, 2021
Page reviewed: December 20, 2021
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