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Volume 28, Number 12—December 2022

Hepatitis E Virus Infections in Free-Ranging and Captive Cetaceans, Spain, 2011–2022

Javier Caballero-Gómez, Antonio Rivero-JuarezComments to Author , Adrián Beato-Benítez, Carolina Fernández-Maldonado, Mariano Domingo, Daniel García-Párraga, Antonio Fernández, Eva Sierra, Rainer G. Ulrich, Eva Martínez-Nevado, Cecilia Sierra-Arqueros, Rocío Canales-Merino, Antonio Rivero, and Ignacio García-Bocanegra
Author affiliations: Maimonides Institute for Biomedical Research of Cordoba, Reina Sofía University Hospital, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain (J. Caballero-Gómez, A. Rivero-Juarez, A. Rivero); (J. Caballero-Gómez, A. Rivero-Juarez, A. Rivero, I. García-Bocanegra); GISAZ-ENZOEM, University of Córdoba, Córdoba (J. Caballero-Gómez, A. Beato-Benítez, I. García-Bocanegra); CIBERINFEC, Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain Seashore Environment and Fauna, Cádiz, Spain (C. Fernández-Maldonado); Andalusian Marine Environment Management Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Sustainable Development, Cádiz, Spain (C. Fernández-Maldonado); Veterinary Pathology Diagnostic Service, Autonomous University of Barcelona-Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain (M. Domingo); Oceanographic Foundation of the Valencian Community and Avanqua Oceanographic, Valencia, Spain (D. García-Párraga); Atlantic Cetacean Research Center, Institute of Animal Health, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Trasmontaña, Las Palmas, Spain (A. Fernández, E. Sierra); Federal Research Institute for Animal Health/German Center for Infection Research, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany (R.G. Ulrich); Madrid Zoo, Madrid, Spain (E. Martínez-Nevado); Selwo Marina, Málaga, Spain (C. Sierra-Arqueros); Mundomar Benidorm, Alicante, Spain (R. Canales-Merino).

Main Article

Table 2

Distribution of hepatitis E virus seroprevalence in cetaceans in Spain, by sampling location, and results of bivariate analyses

Category No. positive/no. analyzed (% positive) p value
Free-ranging areas
Atlantic Ocean 6/8 (75.0) 0.327
Mediterranean Sea
38/64 (59.4)
Aquatic parks
A 4/11 (36.4) 0.772
B 3/8 (37.5)
C 3/8 (37.5)
D 5/18 (27.8)
E 10/18 (55.6)
F 0/1 (0.0)

Main Article

Page created: October 24, 2022
Page updated: November 21, 2022
Page reviewed: November 21, 2022
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