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Volume 28, Number 4—April 2022

Fatal Human Alphaherpesvirus 1 Infection in Free-Ranging Black-Tufted Marmosets in Anthropized Environments, Brazil, 2012–2019

Tais M. Wilson, Jana M. Ritter, Roosecelis B. Martines, Hannah A. Bullock, Pamela Fair, Kay W. Radford, Isabel L. Macêdo, Davi E.R. Sousa, Alexandra A.B. Gonçalves, Alessandro P. Romano, Pedro H.O. Passsos, Daniel G. Ramos, Gabriela R.T. Costa, Karina R.L.J. Cavalcante, Cristiano B. de Melo, Sherif R. Zaki, and Marcio B. CastroComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (T.M. Wilson, J.M. Ritter, R.B. Martines, P. Fair, K.W. Radford, S.R. Zaki); University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil (T.M. Wilson, I.L. Macêdo, D.E.R. Sousa, A.A.B. Gonçalves, C.B. de Melo, M.B. Castro); Synergy America Inc., Atlanta (H.A. Bullock); Brazilian Ministry of Health, Brasília (A.P. Romano, P.H.O. Passos, D.G. Ramos, K.R.L.J. Cavalcante); Environmental Health Surveillance Directorate of the Federal District, Brasilia (G.R.T. Costa)

Main Article

Table 1

Epidemiologic, clinical, and gross necropsy features for free-ranging black-tufted marmosets that died of human alphaherpesvirus 1 infection, Brazil, 2012–2019

Feature No. affected/total (%)*
M 10/13 (77)
3/13 (23)
Age group
Juvenile 6/13 (46)
7/13 (54)
Epidemiologic features
Peri-urban location 7/12 (58)
Urban location 5/12 (42)
Outbreak 9/13 (69)
Isolated case 4/13 (31)
Known contact with humans
7/13 (54)
Clinical signs
Neurologic changes
Muscular tremors 4/12 (33)
Depression 3/12 (25)
Recumbency 2/12 (17)
Seizures 2/12 (17)
Anisocoria 1/12 (8)
Ataxia 1/12 (8)
Nystagmus 1/12 (8)
Not specified (witnessed) 5/12 (42)
Oral cavity
Salivation 8/12 (66)
1/12 (8)
Gross findings
Lymphadenomegaly 4/13 (58)
Nonulcerative glossitis 5/13 (38)
Ulcerative glossitis 4/13 (31)
Facial erythema and rash 1/13 (7)

*Denominators indicate numbers of animals for which information was available.

Main Article

Page created: January 26, 2022
Page updated: March 19, 2022
Page reviewed: March 19, 2022
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.