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Volume 4, Number 2—June 1998

New Vectors of Rift Valley Fever in West Africa

D. Fontenille*, M. Traore-Lamizana*, M. Diallo*†, J. Thonnon†, J.P. Digoutte†, and H.G. Zeller

Author affiliations: *Laboratoire de zoologie médicale, Institut Francais de recherche scientifique pour le développement en coopération (ORSTOM), Institut Pasteur, BP 1386, Dakar, Sénégal; †Institut Pasteur, BP 220, Dakar, Sénégal; ‡Institut Pasteur, BP 1274, Antananarivo, Madagascar

Article in French

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Table 3

Potential Rift Valley fever sylvatic vectors and viral isolates, Sénégal, 1991 to 1996

Vector species No. No. pools Virus isolatesa
No. strains)
Aedes vexans 42,055 1,428 WN-NRI (1), RVF (10), WN (2)
Ae. mcintoshi 758 88 NRI (1)
Ae. ochraceus 3,672 228 WSL (1), RVF (3)
Ae. dalzieli 105 34 (0 virus)
Phlebotominae spp. 233,895 2,251 SAB (63), CHP (7), GF (5), Ar D 88909 (1), Ar D 95737 (12)
Ae. vexans 1,194 81 (0 virus)
Ae. mcintoshi 536 107 (0) virus)
Ae. ochraceus 915 110 WSL (1)
Ae. dalzielib 31,809 821 CHIK (8), BBK (1), WSL (2), KED (6), BOU (1), PGA (2), ZIKA (22)
Phlebotominae spp. 35,569 364 SAB (11), CHP (4), TETE (1), Ar D 111740 (1), Ar D 95737 (2)

aWN: West-Nile virus, NRI: Ngari virus, RVF: Rift Valley fever virus, WSL: Wesselsbron virus, SAB: Saboya virus, CHP: Chandipura virus, GF: Gabek Forest virus, CHIK: Chikungunya virus, BBK: Babanki virus, KED: Kédougou virus, BOU: Bouboui virus, PGA: Pongola virus, ZIKA: Zika virus, TETE: Tete virus. Ar D 88909, Ar D 95737, and Ar D 111740: not yet identified viruses.
b4 RVF strains were isolated in 1974 and 1982.

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